10 Little-known Facts about US State Flags

State flags are an important symbol of identity for each state in the United States, but there is more to them than meets the eye. Many state flags have fascinating stories behind their design, material, and colors. In this article, we will explore 10 interesting facts about state flags that you probably didn’t know. From the oldest and newest flags to the use of non-rectangular shapes, we will uncover unique details that make each state flag stand out. So, let’s dive in and discover the hidden meanings and symbolism behind these beloved emblems of statehood.

Flag Design and Origin

Flag Design And Origin
State flags play an essential role in American culture, representing each state’s unique identity and history. Learning about the design and origin of state flags adds depth to our understanding of America’s rich history. For instance, did you know that the Massachusetts state flag is the only state flag that has a different design on each side? On one side is the state’s coat of arms, and on the other is a Native American holding a bow and arrow. Another interesting fact is that the Mississippi state flag, which features the Confederate battle emblem, has been a source of controversy in recent years. Understanding the background and evolution of state flags can teach us a lot about America’s past, present, and future.

1. Oldest and Newest Flags

State flags have a long history in the United States, with some dating back centuries. Massachusetts currently has the oldest continuously used state flag design, which dates back to 1775. The flag displays an arm holding a sword and is derived from the colonial soldiers’ flag in the Revolutionary War.

On the other hand, the newest state flag belongs to Mississippi, which only recently adopted a new design in 2020. The old flag had been a controversial symbol due to its inclusion of the Confederate battle emblem, and the state decided to create a new flag design through a public contest.

It is interesting to note that some state flags have undergone multiple redesigns over the years, while others have remained largely unchanged. For example, Texas has had multiple versions of its flag design, with the current version first being adopted in 1839. Meanwhile, New Mexico‘s flag has remained the same since its adoption in 1925.

If you’re interested in learning more about the meaning behind state flag designs, check out our article on uncovering hidden meanings on state flags.

2. Only State Flag with a Different Design on Each Side

One of the most unique state flags in the United States is the Oregon flag, which is the only state flag with a different design on each side. This means that depending on which side of the flag you’re looking at, you’ll see a different image or design. On the front of the flag is a gold shield with the words “STATE OF OREGON” written above it and “1859” written below it. In the center of the shield is an eagle perched atop a banner which reads “The Union.”

However, the back of the flag features a completely different design. It has a depiction of a beaver (the state animal) on a blue background, surrounded by yellow stars. Above the beaver is the state motto, “Alis Volat Propiis,” which translates to “She Flies With Her Own Wings.”

The reason for this unique design is not entirely clear. Some believe that the front of the flag represents the federal authority and government, while the back represents the state’s history and independent spirit. Others believe it may have been a compromise between two different designs that were being considered at the time.

Regardless of the reason, the Oregon flag stands out as one of the most interesting and visually striking state flags in the country. Its distinctive designs make it instantly recognizable, and its symbolism holds great meaning for the people of Oregon.

3. Reconstruction-Era Symbols

During the period of reconstruction after the American civil war, many states in the South were required to create new state flags. The symbols included on these flags sometimes reflected the ideologies of the newly empowered black voters, while some state officials included symbols that represented the Confederacy.

One state that changed its flag during this period was Alabama, which adopted a new flag in 1868, just three years after the end of the Civil War. The flag featured a diagonal cross similar to the Confederate battle flag, but with the St. Andrew’s cross shifted to the side and the blue field replaced with white. This flag design is still controversial, as some see it as a subtle nod to the Confederacy.

Another state that adopted a new flag after the civil war was Mississippi. The current flag, designed in 1894, includes the Confederate battle flag in its upper left corner. This has led to heated debates and public protests against the inclusion of such a symbol on a state flag. In 2020, the state of Mississippi finally voted to remove the Confederate emblem from its flag, choosing instead a design that features a magnolia flower surrounded by twenty stars, representing Mississippi as the twentieth state to join the Union.

The Reconstruction-era symbols on state flags are a reminder of a difficult time in American history, and the continued debates over their use show how divisive these symbols can be. Want to learn more about the meaning and symbolism of state flags? Check out our article on Symbols on State Flags: What Do They Represent?

Symbolism and Meaning

State flags can be a rich source of symbolism and meaning. One of the most unique state flags is that of Hawaii, which features the Union Jack of the United Kingdom (symbolizing Hawaii’s historical relationship with Britain), eight stripes of red, white, and blue to represent the eight main Hawaiian islands, and the image of the coat of arms of Hawaii’s former royal family. Another interesting state flag is that of New Mexico, which features a red sun symbol of the Zia Pueblo tribe, with four rays each having four points, symbolizing the four directions, the four seasons, and the four periods of the day. Many state flags incorporate religious imagery, such as the Alpha and Omega symbols on the flag of Alaska, representing Christianity, and the Pelican and Spilled Blood on the flag of Louisiana, symbolizing Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross. Each state flag has its own unique meaning and story, making them fascinating to explore.

4. Only State Flag with a Person of Color

‘4. Only State Flag with a Person of Color’ is a unique and fascinating topic to explore within the realm of state flags. The state flag of Hawaii, also known as Ka Hae Hawaiʻi in Hawaiian, is the only state flag that features a person of color. The flag features the Union Jack of the United Kingdom, representing Hawaii’s historical relationship with Britain, surrounded by eight stripes of white, red, and blue. In the top left corner, there is a depiction of the Hawaiian royal coat of arms, which features two figures of Hawaiian monarchy.

The figure in the center of the coat of arms is King Kamehameha I, a legendary monarch who united the Hawaiian Islands in 1810. He is the first person of color to appear on a state flag. The king’s image is surrounded by various symbols of Hawaiian royalty, including a crown and royal mottos. The flag’s use of a historical figure with such significance in Hawaiian culture highlights the state’s unique history and ties to its indigenous people.

Interestingly, the flag of Hawaii was only officially adopted in 1959, after Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States. Prior to that, Hawaii was an independent nation with its own flag, which also featured King Kamehameha I. The current design was chosen by a group of Hawaiian citizens, with the Union Jack and stripes representing Hawaii’s ties to Britain and the United States, respectively.

The use of a person of color on a state flag is both significant and rare. While some state flags incorporate Native American imagery or symbols, few have featured actual people of color. The flag of Hawaii stands out as a unique and meaningful representation of the state’s history and culture.

To learn more about state flags and their designs, check out the link to /evolution-state-flags-history/.

5. Variety of State Birds

While some state flags feature their state bird prominently, others include it as just a small part of the design. Each state has chosen a different bird to represent them, and some of these choices are truly unique. For example:

  • The California state bird, the California quail, is known for its charming appearance and curious nature. It is a popular game bird even today, and its unique “chi-ca-go” call is a common sound in California’s countryside.
  • The state bird of Delaware, the Blue Hen chicken, is not a wild bird at all. Instead, it was a fighting cock that accompanied soldiers from Delaware during the American Revolution. Its courage and tenacity made it a fitting symbol for the state.
  • Florida has two state birds: the mockingbird and the flamingo. The mockingbird is beloved for its beautiful song, while the flamingo is an interesting choice because they are not native to Florida, but rather they are a popular attraction at the many amusement parks and animal sanctuaries located throughout the state.
  • Utah’s state bird, the seagull, is an unorthodox choice for a landlocked state. But the seagull is an important part of the state’s history because of their help in controlling a plague of crickets that were destroying early pioneer crops.

Each state’s bird carries a unique symbolism and meaning to its residents and has played an important role in their history. From the majestic bald eagle of Alaska to the Rhode Island red chicken, these birds have become iconic symbols of their respective states.

6. Religious Imagery

Among the many symbols featured on state flags, religious imagery often plays a significant role. The Texas state flag is a prime example of this trend, featuring a prominent five-pointed star that in this case represents the state’s “principles of unity, loyalty, and steadfastness.” The star is encircled by a wreath that includes an olive branch and a live oak branch. Both of these are traditional symbols of peace and strength, respectively, and together they symbolize Texas’s desire for peace and its willingness to fight for its beliefs.

Another state that prominently features religious imagery in its flag is Florida. The state’s seal features a Native American woman scattering flowers, a steamboat, and a saber-wielding soldier. Above the seal is Florida’s state motto, which is “In God We Trust.” This motto is also found on the national flag and currency of the United States and thus demonstrates the close relationship between the country’s national identity and its religious heritage.

One additional example from this category is Utah, whose flag features a bald eagle with outstretched wings, perched on a shield that depicts a beehive, a symbol of hard work and industry. The eagle is a national symbol of strength and freedom in American culture, while the beehive represents Utah’s early history as a Mormon settlement.

Despite the important role that religious imagery plays in the symbolism of many state flags, it has also been a source of controversy in some instances. For example, the inclusion of crosses on state flags has been challenged as a violation of the constitutional separation between church and state. These debates highlight the ongoing tension between the desire to preserve cultural traditions and the imperative to uphold principles of civil rights and equality.

7. Inspired by Native American Tribes

Several state flags of the United States draw their inspiration from Native American tribes. For example, the Oklahoma state flag displays an Osage warrior’s shield with crossed peace pipes behind it, honoring the Native American tribes that settled in the area before European colonization. The blue field on top of the flag represents devotion, while the olive branch at the bottom signifies peace. The New Mexico state flag shows a sun symbol behind a red and yellow symbol known as the Zia, a sacred design originally belonging to the Zia Pueblo tribe. The four rays of the Zia correspond to four cardinal directions, seasons, stages of life and times of the day. These flags pay homage to the indigenous people and cultures that have shaped the land of the United States.

Flag Color and Material

Most state flags have some elements of the color blue, however, the state of Maryland has a unique flag design that features a bold color scheme of black, gold, red, and white. Its design is so unique that some residents of Maryland consider it more iconic than their national flag. Additionally, the state flag of New Mexico is the only state flag that uses a non-rectangular shape, which gives it a distinct look among other state flags. The material used to make state flags is also significant. Many state flags are made of nylon or polyester materials for their durability and low cost. However, the state flag of Wisconsin is made of actual wool, as a tribute to the state’s historical association with the wool industry. The colors and materials used in state flags can give insight into a state’s history, culture, and identity.

8. Common Use of the Color Blue

Blue is a popular color in state flag design, and it appears on a majority of state flags. The shade of blue varies widely among flags, from a light sky blue to navy blue. The color blue is often used to represent loyalty, justice, and vigilance. Many believe that the similarity in state flag colors is due to the influence of the United States flag, which prominently features the color blue. In some state flags, blue is used as a background color behind other symbols and designs, while in others it is used as the primary color. Mississippi’s flag, for example, features a prominent blue background with a red canton in the top left corner. Meanwhile, Vermont’s flag prominently features the state coat of arms on a field of blue.

While blue is a common color in state flags, it is not present in all of them. Several states, such as Alabama and New Mexico, prominently feature red and yellow in their flag designs, with no blue at all. Nevertheless, blue remains a popular color choice among state flag designers, and it continues to be used in new flag designs. The variety of different shades and uses of blue in state flags is just one example of the rich symbolism and history of state flag design.

9. Use of Non-Rectangular Shapes

While most flags have a traditional rectangular shape, some state flags stand out with non-rectangular shapes. One such example is the Ohio state flag, which is a burgee, or swallowtail shape. This unique shape represents the state’s connection with the waterways and their importance to Ohio’s growth. Another state flag with a non-rectangular shape is the Nepal state flag, which is a combination of two triangular shapes. This unique design symbolizes the Himalayan Mountains and the two major religions practiced in the country, Hinduism and Buddhism.

Most people don’t realize that the state of Colorado’s flag is also a non-rectangular shape, featuring three horizontal stripes of blue, white, and gold separated by a red “C” with a yellow center. This emblem rests upon a circular navy blue field. The unique design of the Colorado state flag represents the state’s natural beauty and the blazing sunshine that envelops it.

These state flags serve as examples of how creative design and symbolic imagery can be implemented into flag design. While some may argue that a traditional rectangular shape is the norm, others might say that breaking away from convention allows for a more dynamic and unique presentation.

10. State Flags with the Most and Least Colors

When it comes to the number of colors used in state flags, some are more extravagant than others. Oklahoma has the most number of colors in its flag, with a total of 7 colors – more specifically, white, blue, red, brown, yellow, green, and black. Meanwhile, the simplest state flag in terms of color is Alabama, which only has two colors – white and red.

Here is a list of the state flags with the most and least colors:

State Number of Colors
Oklahoma 7
Hawaii 6
South Carolina 6
New Mexico 5
Louisiana 5
Alabama 2

Fun fact: Did you know that the number of colors used in state flags was not officially standardized until 2001? Before that, states could use as many or as few colors as they wanted.

It’s interesting to see the variety of colors and designs used in state flags, and how they represent the state’s history, culture, and people. To learn more about the differences between state flags and the national flag, check out our previous article on state flags vs national flag.


In conclusion, the state flags of the United States are a unique and fascinating part of American culture. From their varied designs and origins to their rich symbolism and meaning, these flags offer a glimpse into the rich history and diverse heritage of each state. Whether you are a proud resident of a particular state, a history buff, or simply someone who appreciates beautiful design and imagery, there is something to admire and appreciate about each of these flags.

So, the next time you see a state flag waving in the breeze, take a moment to reflect on all of the history and symbolism that it represents. Whether it’s the bold blue and white of Alaska, the iconic grizzly bear of California, or the intricate Native American designs of New Mexico, each state flag tells a story that is worth exploring and celebrating.

Overall, the state flags of America are a reminder of the rich diversity and shared heritage that make this country so special. So, the next time you encounter one of these flags, take a moment to appreciate all that it represents and stands for. Who knows, you may just learn something new and interesting about the history and culture of the United States.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the oldest state flag in the United States?

The oldest state flag in the United States belongs to the state of Maryland and dates back to 1904.

What is the newest state flag in the United States?

The newest state flag in the United States belongs to the state of Mississippi and was adopted in 2020.

Which state flag has a different design on each side?

The state of Oregon is the only state in the United States to have a different design on each side of their state flag.

What do the stars on the Texas state flag represent?

The single star on the Texas state flag represents the unity of the state, while the five pointed star represents the state’s loyalty to their country.

What bird is featured on the Georgia state flag?

The Georgia state flag features the state’s official bird, the brown thrasher.

What religious imagery is found on the South Carolina state flag?

The South Carolina state flag features a palmetto tree, which is a symbol of victory. The crescent moon that is also featured on the flag symbolizes the hope for a bright future.

What state flag features a Native American tribe’s emblem?

The Oklahoma state flag features an Osage warrior’s shield and a peace pipe crossed beneath an olive branch.

Why is the color blue commonly used on state flags?

The color blue commonly represents loyalty, justice, and freedom, which are characteristics that many states would like to embody.

Which state flag uses a non-rectangular shape?

The state of Ohio is known for using a non-rectangular shape for their state flag, which is said to represent the state’s unique shape.

Which state flag has the most colors?

The state of New Mexico has the most colors featured on their state flag, with a total of four different colors.


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