What Do the Symbols on State Flags Mean?

When it comes to the flags of the United States of America, each state’s banner holds significant meaning and history. These symbols on state flags often represent the state’s values, ideals, and history. But what do these symbols actually mean? Each icon can hold a unique backstory and purpose. From the majestic bald eagles to the towering mountains, each emblem has its own importance. In this article, we will be exploring the history of state flags, common elements in state flags, and the symbols and meanings behind them. Let’s dive into the fascinating world of state flag symbolism.

History of State Flags

State flags have a rich history that began in colonial times, when distinctive banner designs helped distinguish one colony from another. Over time, as the United States grew and new states joined the Union, each one adopted its own unique flag to represent the state’s history, culture, and identity.

The first flag to represent a state was the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s flag, which dates back to the 17th century. It featured a pine tree, which represented the region’s thriving lumber industry, along with the motto “Appeal to Heaven.” Other early flags included the rattlesnake flag of South Carolina and the Liberty Tree flag of Rhode Island.

During the American Revolution, many states adopted flags featuring their state seals or other patriotic symbols like eagles, stars, and stripes. These designs were often used on military banners and flags. After the Revolution, states continued to use these same symbols on their state flags.

Since then, state flags have evolved to reflect changes in each state’s history and culture. Some states, like Hawaii and Alaska, adopted flags when they became states in the mid-20th century. Others, like Texas, redesigned their flags to better reflect the state’s history and culture.

Learn more about the specific symbols and meanings found on state flags in the following section. Alternatively, continue reading about the Evolution of State Flags throughout History.

Common Elements in State Flags

Common elements in state flags are present across many of the flags of the United States. Certain symbols, colors, layouts, and designs are found repeatedly across different state flags, unifying them in some way. Some of the most common elements found in state flags include:

  • Stars: Stars are common in many state flags, often representing guidance or light. The number of stars can signify the number of states or other important numbers. For example, the Texas state flag features a single star, while the flag of Alaska has eight stars representing the Big Dipper and the North Star.
  • Stripes: Stripes are also commonly found in state flags and often represent patriotism. The number and orientation of stripes can vary between flags. The flag of New Mexico, for example, features a red sun symbol on a yellow background, with a red and a green stripe at the top and bottom of the flag.
  • Seals: Many state flags feature a seal in the center. This seal often contains a great deal of detail and symbolism, such as images of historical events or important state industries. The California state flag is an example of this, featuring a grizzly bear and the words “California Republic” on a white background.
  • Coats of arms: Similar to seals, coats of arms often contain symbolism related to the state’s history or industries. The Connecticut state flag features a coat of arms with three grapevines, representing the state’s long history of winemaking.
  • Color choices: While many state flags feature a combination of colors, some states have chosen to use specific colors to represent important themes. For example, the Kansas state flag features blue and gold, symbolizing the sky and wheat fields of the state.

These common elements are just a few of the examples found in state flags across the US. They help to create a sense of unity between different flags, while still allowing each flag to be unique and representative of its state. To learn more about the symbolism present in state flags, visit uncovering hidden meanings in state flags.

Symbols and Their Meanings

Symbols And Their Meanings
Symbols on state flags all have meanings behind their designs. Some of the most common symbols found on state flags include bald eagles, stars, seals, mountains, trees, crosses, animals, ships, and people. Bald eagles, for example, are used to represent freedom and strength, while stars can symbolize a state’s position in the country or the number of original colonies it was part of. Seals are often used to show state sovereignty and can often be traced back to the state’s history. Mountains can signify the beautiful landscapes within a state, while trees can represent the state’s forests and natural resources. When it comes to animals on state flags, they may represent a species that is native to the state. The meanings of symbols on state flags can vary greatly and can have a rich history behind them.

Bald Eagles

The majestic Bald Eagle has been a popular symbol on state flags since the founding of the United States. Its image can be found on the flags of several states, including Alabama, Alaska, and Illinois. The Bald Eagle represents strength and freedom, making it a fitting symbol for a nation founded on these ideals. Its piercing eyes, sharp talons, and powerful wingspan are all portrayed on state flags in various poses.

Alabama’s state flag features a bald eagle perched atop a shield with a crimson cross emblazoned on it. The eagle clutches an olive branch and arrows in its talons, symbolizing both peace and the willingness to defend itself if necessary.

In Alaska’s flag, a Bald Eagle with outstretched wings and talons clasping a golden scepter and arrows is centered on a dark blue field. The eagle’s position is meant to show that Alaska is a land of great opportunity and abundance.

The state flag of Illinois also features a Bald Eagle, but with a banner in its beak that reads “State Sovereignty, National Union.” The eagle is perched on a rocky crag overlooking the Illinois River and a rising sun, symbolizing hope for the future.

The Bald Eagle has become a quintessential American symbol and has been included on the Great Seal of the United States since 1782. Its image on state flags adds a touch of patriotic pride to their design and acts as a reminder of the values that the nation was founded upon.

If you want to learn more about state flags and their symbolism, check out our article on state flag facts.


One of the most common symbols used on state flags is stars. The number, arrangement, and color of the stars vary from state to state, but they usually carry a significant meaning.

Number of Stars: The number of stars on state flags often represents the number of states in the Union at the time the state was admitted. For example, the Texas flag has one star to represent its history as an independent nation before joining the United States, while the flag of California has a star for each of the 31 original counties.

Color of Stars: The color of stars can also hold meaning. For example, the yellow stars on the flag of Arkansas represent the state’s nickname, the “Natural State,” while the red stars on the flag of New Mexico symbolize the state’s Native American heritage.

Arrangement of Stars: The arrangement of stars on state flags can have significant symbolism as well. For example, the circle of stars on the flag of Tennessee represents the pride the state takes in being the 16th state to join the Union, while the constellation on the flag of Alaska represents the state’s location in the far north of the United States.

A few interesting examples of state flags with stars are:

State Flag Image Meaning of Stars
Hawaii Flag of Hawaii The eight stars represent the eight main islands of Hawaii.
Illinois Flag of Illinois The white star within the state seal represents Illinois as the 21st state.
Minnesota Flag of Minnesota The star represents the North Star, a symbol of the state’s motto, “L’etoile du Nord” (Star of the North).

Stars on state flags hold significant meaning and are often used to represent the state’s history, culture, or geography. To learn more about state flags and their symbols, check out our article on iconic state flag designs.


One of the most common elements in state flags is a seal. Seals have been used as symbols of authority and authenticity for centuries, with the practice dating back to ancient civilizations. In the context of state flags, seals often depict a scene of historical significance or a representation of the state’s resources and industry.

Examples of state flags featuring seals include the state flags of California, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. The California state flag features a grizzly bear, which was once common in the state, and a miner, which represents the importance of the Gold Rush to the state’s history. The Massachusetts state flag depicts an Algonquian Native American holding a bow and arrow, signifying the state’s indigenous population. Meanwhile, the Connecticut state flag features a grapevine and three grape clusters, representing the state’s rich tradition of wine production.

Although seals can add a unique element to state flags, it’s important to note that they can also make it challenging for the flag to be easily recognizable from a distance. This is because seals often include intricate details that can become obscured when the flag is viewed from afar.

The use of seals on state flags can be a source of pride and historical significance for many states. However, it’s important to balance this with the need for a clear and recognizable design.

Internal Link: If you’re interested in learning the difference between state flags and national flags, check out our article on state flags versus national flags.


Mountains are a common symbol on state flags, as they represent a strong foundation and stability. They also frequently represent a state’s natural beauty and landmarks. Below are some examples of state flags that feature mountains:

State Flag Meaning
Alaska Alaska flag The three stars on Alaska’s flag represent the North Star, and the Big Dipper, which is a common constellation in the northern sky. The blue background represents the sky and the forget-me-not, which is the state flower. The mountains in the background depict the Alaskan landscape.
Colorado Colorado flag The center of Colorado’s flag is a circular red “C,” which stands for Colorado. The blue and white stripes represent the sky and the snow-capped mountains, respectively.
Tennessee Tennessee flag The three stars on Tennessee’s flag represent the three different regions of the state: the mountains in the east, the plains in the west, and the rolling hills in between.

It’s important to note that while mountains are a common symbol on state flags and often represent natural beauty and landmarks, the specific meaning can vary depending on the state. If you want to display a state flag, it’s always important to follow proper state flag display guidelines for the best presentation. If you’re interested in the controversial symbols that some state flags feature, you can read more at /controversial-state-flags-debate/.


Trees are a frequent symbol on state flags, and they often represent the natural beauty of a state. Each state has its own native trees, and these are typically the ones depicted on flags. Some state flags also feature stylized trees or tree branches that don’t represent any specific species. Here are a few examples:

State Tree Symbolism
Alabama The state tree, longleaf pine, represents the state’s timber industry.
California The California flag features a grizzly bear below a red star and a stylized tree, often called the “Bishop Pine”.
Georgia The Georgia flag contains three former flags, including the 2003 flag that represented the state’s oak trees. “Wisdom, justice, and moderation” are written on a ribbon carried by an eagle’s beak.
Michigan The flag of Michigan has two blue bars and the image of a moose standing between two trees that represent the wealth of natural resources in the state.
Oregon The center of the Oregon flag is a beaver, with a shield on its chest, and a pine tree on each side. The flag is representative of the state’s early history of logging and the fur trade.

It’s important to remember that some state flag designs, including image and color, may change over time. If you’re interested in displaying your state flag, be sure to check your state’s protocols for proper display. You can learn more at proper-state-flag-display.


Crosses: Crosses are common symbols found on state flags, often representing religious or historic significance. The most well-known state flag with a cross is the Swiss flag, which features a simple white cross against a red background. The pattern on this flag has been used for centuries and has come to symbolize Swiss neutrality and sovereignty.

Another state flag with a cross is the Georgia flag, which features a prominent red cross against a white background. This cross has been associated with Georgia since colonial times and represents the state’s roots as a British colony.

On the Alabama flag, a white cross is set against a red background. This cross represents the state’s significant role in the American Civil War. The cross on the Florida flag, on the other hand, is derived from the original Spanish flag. The red cross on a white background honors Spain’s role in the state’s early history.

The South Carolina flag also features a white palmetto tree and crescent moon on a blue background. The state’s flag design is steeped in history, with the crescent moon representing the state’s defense against the British during the Revolutionary War. The palmetto tree featured on the flag has long been a symbol of the state’s strength and resilience, as it was used during the American Revolution to build the walls of a fort that successfully withstood a British attack.

Crosses on state flags serve as a visual representation of a state’s history and culture. They often hold deep religious or political significance, reminding us of the rich traditions and unique heritage of each state.


Many state flags feature animals, either as a central figure or as a smaller detail. Here are some common animals found on state flags and their meanings:

Animal State/s Meaning
Buffalo Wyoming A symbol of the state’s history and natural resources
Moose Maine A symbol of the state’s wilderness and natural resources
Bear California A symbol of strength and unyielding resistance
Elk Oregon A symbol of the state’s wildlife and natural beauty
Mule Deer South Dakota A symbol of the state’s abundant wildlife

Other animals found on state flags include eagles, horses, beavers, and alligators. These animals often represent the state’s history, wildlife, or cultural values. For example, the alligator on the Florida state flag symbolizes the state’s everglades, while the eagle on the Michigan state flag represents the United States of America.

Animals can bring a unique and powerful significance to a state flag. They can represent a state’s beauty, strength, history, or culture, and they contribute to a sense of natural wonder and majesty.


Ships have been featured on numerous state flags symbolizing the state’s maritime heritage and its connection to the sea. These ships come in different sizes and forms, representing different meanings.

The Ship on the Massachusetts State Flag

The Massachusetts State Flag has a ship on it known as the Mayflower. This ship represents the arrival of the Pilgrims in Massachusetts, who sailed on the Mayflower from Plymouth, England, to the present-day Cape Cod in 1620. The ship is also on the state seal, which includes the state motto, “By the Sword We Seek Peace, but Peace Only Under Liberty.”

The Ship on the Rhode Island State Flag

The flag of Rhode Island has a ship, anchor, and waves. The ship represents Rhode Island’s maritime tradition and rich history of shipbuilding and trade. The anchor represents hope, while the waves symbolize the Atlantic Ocean.

The Ship on the Maine State Flag

The Maine state flag has a unique design with the North Star, a white pine tree, and a moose in the foreground. In the background is a ship resting on the water. The ship on the flag represents Maine’s maritime history of fishing, shipbuilding, and trading. The North Star signifies Maine’s location as the northernmost state, and the white pine tree is a symbol of the state’s rich timber and logging industry. The moose represents Maine’s wildlife and natural beauty.

The Ship on the Connecticut State Flag

The Connecticut State Flag has a shield in the center, featuring three grapevines and a Latin motto, “Qui transtulit sustinet,” meaning “He who transplanted, sustains.” Above the shield is a ship under full sail. The ship symbolizes Connecticut’s early shipbuilding industry and its trade connections to other countries.

The Controversy Surrounding the Mississippi State Flag

Mississippi State Flag displayed the Confederate battle emblem prominently until 2020. The flag featured a blue, white, and red background with a magnolia tree in the center and the Confederate battle emblem in the top corner. The magnolia flower represents Mississippi’s official state flower. The Confederate emblem features a blue X with 13 white stars, representing the 13 Confederate States that seceded from the US. However, the emblem became controversial for its association with racism and slavery. As a result, Mississippi took steps to remove the emblem, and a commission was formed to create a new design for the state flag.

Ships are a common element on state flags, symbolizing the state’s connection to the sea and maritime heritage. Each ship on the flags has a unique story and history, making it a significant symbol for the state’s identity.


People are often depicted on state flags as a way to represent the state’s history or culture. Here are some examples of people represented on state flags:

State Flag People Represented Meaning
State Flag 1 Frontiersman The frontiersman represents the state’s early pioneer history.
State Flag 2 Native American The Native American on the flag represents the state’s indigenous population and their important role in the state’s history and culture.
State Flag 3 Union Soldier and Confederate Soldier The two soldiers together represent the state’s divided history during the Civil War and the eventual reunification of the state.

It’s important to note that some state flags featuring people have been controversial in the past, such as the Confederate flag, which has been criticized for its association with racism and slavery. However, many state flags featuring people continue to represent their state’s unique history and culture.

Flag Evolution

Flags have been used for hundreds of years to represent countries, states, and organizations. The evolution of a flag can occur for various reasons such as changes to the political landscape, a shift in social values or a redesign to improve aesthetics or symbolism. Many United States state flags have undergone significant changes over time, with some removing controversial symbols, and others adding a patriotic touch. For example, the Mississippi flag has been redesigned several times, with the most recent change occurring in 2021, removing the Confederate battle emblem. Similarly, the new South Carolina flag includes the Palmetto tree and crescent with a white background, representing purity and innocence. The evolution of flag designs is an ongoing process that reflects the ever-changing nature of society.

Changes over the Years

State flags have undergone numerous changes over the years. For instance, the design of the Wisconsin flag has evolved significantly since 1863. The original flag featured the state’s coat of arms against a blue field, while the current flag features the coat of arms against a field of dark blue and is surrounded by the state’s name, “Wisconsin,” and the date of statehood, “1848.”

A similar story can be told about the flag of Massachusetts. The original flag, adopted in 1775, featured a green pine tree against a red field, with the inscription “An Appeal to Heaven.” In 1971, the flag was revised to include the state coat of arms in the center. While the green pine tree remains a prominent feature, the state motto, “Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem” (“By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty”), was added to the bottom of the design.

Over time, some state flags have been altered to remove controversial symbols. For example, the flag of Georgia was originally designed in 1956 with the Confederate stars and bars, but in 2003, the state adopted a new flag without these symbols. Similarly, the flag of Mississippi originally featured the Confederate flag in the upper left corner, but in 2020, the state adopted a new design that replaced the Confederate emblem with a magnolia flower.

Despite the changes that have taken place, some states have held onto their original flag designs for decades or even centuries. The Maryland state flag, for instance, has remained relatively unchanged since it was adopted in 1904. The flag features four quadrants of alternating colors – red and white, and black and gold – which represent the founding families of Maryland: the Calverts and the Crosslands.

The evolution of state flags over time reflects the changing attitudes and values of the people they represent. Some designs have been updated to better reflect the state’s history and culture, while others have been changed to distance themselves from racist or divisive symbolism. As these trends continue, it will be interesting to see how state flags continue to evolve in the future.

Controversial Symbols

Controversies surrounding some symbols used in state flags have become more pronounced in recent times. The symbols have become points of debates, discussions and even legal challenges. One controversial symbol used in some state flags is the Confederate flag. This flag has been a symbol of racism and slavery for many people due to its association with the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Its use in state flags, such as in Mississippi, has been a subject of debate and lawsuit.

Another controversial symbol is the Native American imagery used in some state flags. For instance, the state flag of Utah features a bald eagle and a Native American man. The use of Native American iconography in state flags has been criticised as being insensitive and a form of cultural appropriation. Similarly, the use of certain religious symbols, such as crosses, in state flags has also been controversial.

Some states have taken steps to remove controversial symbols from their flags. For example, in 2020, Mississippi removed the Confederate stars and bars from its flag after protests and pressure from civil rights groups. Other states, such as Oregon, have undertaken reviews of their flags to assess the appropriateness and relevance of symbols used.

While symbols on state flags can represent a state’s history and values, it is important for states to consider the impact of these symbols on their diverse populations. As people become more aware of historical and cultural sensitivities, it is likely that more controversial symbols will continue to be questioned and potentially removed from state flags.


In conclusion, state flags are significant symbols that represent the essence of a state’s historical, cultural, and natural heritage. Each flag is a unique representation of the state and its people. The symbols featured on the flags hold important meanings that connect the state’s past, present, and future. Throughout history, flags have evolved to become powerful mediums that inspire patriotism, unity, and allegiance among citizens.

As we have seen, bald eagles symbolize freedom, strength, and courage; stars represent sovereignty, unity, and aspiration; seals reflect a state’s historical and cultural identity; and mountains and trees signify a state’s natural beauty and resources. Crosses on state flags may represent the state’s religious identity, and animals showcase the state’s diverse wildlife and fauna. Meanwhile, ships and people may depict the state’s historical relevance and significance.

The evolution of state flags over time indicates a transformation of ideas, values, and cultural identity. While many of the symbols still hold significant meanings and relevance to the state’s citizens, some symbols have become controversial due to their past associations with racism, imperialism, and colonization.

It is essential to acknowledge the significance of state flags, their symbols, and evolution as we move forward. The flags serve as significant representations of a state and its people’s history, culture, and natural beauty. They are an essential reminder of the struggles and triumphs that have shaped our society and a symbol of unity and hope for a better future. Let us cherish and respect our state flags, their symbols and meanings, and the powerful messages they convey to us and the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the oldest state flag in the United States?

The oldest state flag in the United States belongs to Maryland, which was adopted in 1904.

What does the bald eagle represent on state flags?

The bald eagle is a symbol of freedom, strength, and patriotism. It often represents the country’s struggle for independence and sovereignty on state flags.

What do the stars on state flags represent?

The number and arrangement of the stars on state flags can vary, but they often represent the number of states in the union at the time the state was admitted or historical events that are significant to the state.

Why do many state flags feature images of animals?

Animals commonly represent certain qualities or attributes that the state values or wants to promote. It is also a way of showcasing the state’s biodiversity or important species that are native to the region.

What do mountains symbolize on state flags?

Mountains are often used to symbolize the state’s natural beauty, rugged terrain, and wilderness areas.

What is the significance of ships on state flags?

Ships represent the state’s maritime heritage or play a role in the state’s history or economy. They also symbolize a sense of exploration and adventure.

What do religious symbols like crosses mean on state flags?

Religious symbols on state flags often represent the state’s history and heritage, as well as the values and beliefs of the people who founded the state.

Why are state seals often featured on state flags?

State seals are often used on state flags because they are the official emblem of the state government, and they represent the state’s authority and power.

Can state flags be changed?

Yes, state flags can be changed by a vote of the legislature or by a ballot initiative. However, changing state flags can be a controversial and divisive issue.

How do state flag designs get chosen?

Each state has its own process for choosing flag designs. Some involve public design competitions, while others are chosen by legislative committees. The designs are often influenced by the state’s history, heritage, and values.


Leave a Comment